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Botanical Garden with a Difference
southwest England, in a part of the country called Cornwall, something new and
different has arrived. Near a small town called St Austell, you will find a hole
50 metres deep and more than 500,000 metres square. In the hole are a number of huge
transparent domes. These domes are conservatories holding thousands of
plants. Each dome is up to 45 metres high. Around them is an enormous botanical
garden. This is 'the Eden project'.
Eden project opened in March 2001 and cost £80 million to make. It already has
a huge number of visitors. It isn't like anywhere else in the world. Because
this huge botanical garden is built in a hole it is warmer. It grows many more
plants than usual. Its purpose is to teach people about the world's plants. And
to show people how we can use the earth's plants and crops without
destroying nature. In this way, the future will be safe for man and plants.
second biome has a warm, temperate climate. You find this climate in the
Mediterranean, California and South Africa. These conservatories are over 6,500
metres square. In the warm, dry air visitors will find different crops: grapes,
tomatoes, cotton. You learn about these crops and the countries they grow in.
These conservatories are filled with the colour and smell of thousands of
third biome has no roof. The plants grow outside. This biome has a temperate
climate – the climate of Britain and parts of India and Chile. Here, there are
flowers that turn their heads to follow the sun. Tea and wheat are grown. And
many other plants that will grow in Britain’s temperate climate.
Eden project is an important place for scientists. They are working together
throughout the world to understand how these plants and crops grow and how
people can help. It is also a place for everyone to find out how people need
plants and how to make sure that the world will always have enough plants and
Dossiers © Copyright Pearson Education Ltd
Photograph of Eden Project © Copyright Apex Photo Agency
transparent dome: kubah yang tembus pandang
botanical garden: kebun raya
crop: tanaman, panenan
tropical climate: iklim tropis (daerah katulistiwa)
conservatory: ruangan tertutup yang berdinding kaca dan ditanami tumbuhan.
temperate climate: iklim sedang (tak pernah terlalu panas atau terlalu dingin)