Anda berminat menerima artikel belajar bahasa Inggris ini secara teratur, isilah
will help you’. For the world’s refugees
and asylum seekers,
it is a message of hope. For criminals that agree to take them to a new country,
it’s big business. Thousands of people are promised a better life in the rich
countries of the west. But many die on terrible journeys. Things are not much
better for those that arrive. How can the west fight the criminals and help the
refugees? There are no easy answers. One of the problems is the large number of
people moving illegal immigrants.
And they are not all big criminals. Time and a vehicle are the only things
anyone needs to make money in this way.
The story of Josip Loncaric is a good example. Loncaric was a Croatian taxi
driver. Twenty years ago, he started taking cheap fruit and vegetables to the
Italian border. When war came to Yugoslavia, Loncaric preferred taking refugees.
He earned good money and bought more vehicles. Soon, he was transporting over
five hundred refugees a week to the Italian border. When Chinese criminals also
began moving refugees into Europe through Trieste, Loncaric joined them. He now
had 200 people working for him. They brought illegal immigrants into Europe from
all over the world. Loncaric grew rich.
His luck changed in 1998. The police in Italy, Slovenia and Britain decided to
work together. They listened to Loncaric’s telephone conversations, and sent
special officers to watch him. Then one of Loncaric’s workers, Tomo Fodor,
agreed to help them. Finally, in July 2000, Loncaric was arrested. His business
of making money from refugees was over.
This is only one success story. Hundreds of other criminals are still moving
refugees. But the story shows what can be done when countries join together to
stop the terrible trade
in human traffic. Early this year, Italy and the UK decided to work together in
a number of ways. They agreed to exchange
information, to plan police operations
between the two countries, to punish criminals more than before, and to help
refugees return to their own countries.
This last point is perhaps the most important of all. The real answer to the
refugee problem lies in helping to make their home countries safe again. The
west is having some success in Kosovo. Other dangerous parts of the world may be
different. But the message is the same: learn to live with your neighbour. Until
the world understands this, the refugee problem will be here to stay.
Penguin Dossiers © Copyright Pearson Education Ltd.
Photo © Copyright David & Peter Tumley/CORBIS
traffic: perdagangan manusia
seekers: pencari suaka
immigrant: imigran yang tidak sesuai hukum,
operation: patroli/ operasi polisi